Content Resources


Codes and Standards

Codes & Standards

ANSI/TIA-222 Maintenance and Condition Assessment of Telecommunication Towers
Structural Standards for antennas and their supporting structures are outlined in ANSI/TIA-222.

These set of standards comply with the International Building Code (“IBC”) while providing guidance for the procurement, design parameters, and maintenance and condition assessments of these antenna supporting structures. This PAN specifically focuses on Maintenance and Condition Assessment of towers, as outlined in the below listed sections of ANSI/TIA-222:

  • ANSI/TIA-222
    • Section 14 – Maintenance and Condition Assessment
    • Section 14.4 (Rev H) – Recommended Intervals for Inspection
    • Annex J
      • Maintenance and Condition Assessment Checklist
      • Field Mapping
      • Twist/Out of Plumb Charts for Guys Towers
    • Annex K
      • Guyed Wire Tension, Twist, and Plumb
      • Means and Methods: ANSI/ASSE A10.48

TIA-TSB-5053
Construction Standards: ANSI/TIA-322 & ANSI/ASSE A10.48
The telecommunications industry has proactively responded to major shifts in construction practices with the introduction of ANSI/TIA-322 ‘Loading, Analysis, and Design Criteria related to Installation, Alteration and Maintenance of Communication Structures’ and ANSI/ASSE A10.48 ‘Criteria for Safety Practices with the Construction, Demolition, Modification and Maintenance of Communication Structures’.

Together, ANSI/TIA-322 and ANSI/ASE A10.48 succeeded and replaced the ANSI/TIA 1019-A Standard as of January 1, 2017.

Contractors performing construction services on telecommunications sites are required to determine the applicable Construction Class in accordance with the ANSI/ASSE A10.48 based upon the following three considerations:

  • Scope of work (SOW)
  • Maximum gross load being hoisted when implementing lift systems which are directly attached to the antenna supporting structure
  • Means and methods (including construction sequencing and duration)
    • Construction Class Table with guidelines

FAA-FCC Lighting
White Paper: Intended Use of Structures with Emphasis on Small Cell
White Paper: Changed Conditions; as defined by ANSI/TIA-222-H
Risk Categorization in Accordance with ANSI/TIA-222-H


Mounts

Mounts

Antenna Installations Mounts and Configurations
As networks are upgraded for 5G, End Users must consider whether their new or existing mounts can withstand the changes to increased quantity, weight, and size of equipment.

To evaluate these factors it is vital to understand (i) how a mounts’ design capacity is determined; (ii) how the design capacity is affected by the installation condition; (iii) maintenance considerations; (iv) ANSI/TIA-222-H; and (v) other code-based requirements for mounts. Additional discussion topics include:

  • How increased Effective Projected Area (“EPA”) impacts mount capacity
  • Engineering interpretation of published mount capacities
  • Mismatch in Mount Analysis and Construction Drawings
  • Structural Analysis vs. Mount Analysis scope
  • An engineer’s approach to ensuring code-compliance

Mounts and Inspections
Prior to climbing onto any antenna mount, a thorough inspection of a mount’s condition and development of a fall protection plan should be conducted.

This includes checking the mount’s physical integrity, determining if it is rated to support man loads, and evaluating whether the mount has capacity to support anchorage for fall protection. This PAN provides guidance on how to evaluate the above and what steps to take if there are any deficiencies in the mount’s condition. Other topics discussed:

  • Items to consider during a physical inspection of an antenna mount.
  • Determining a mount’s man load and anchorage rating
  • How increased equipment weight affects man load and anchorage ratings
  • Fall protection plans
  • Collection of mount geometry data
  • Mount manufacturer compliance with AISC and AWS requirements
  • Compliance with TIA 222 maintenance requirements

Mount Selection Considerations
The increasing demand on properly functioning telecommunication infrastructure elicits the need for innovative mount solutions.

Selecting high-quality reliable mounts that are compatible with the supporting structure and connection conditions, while protecting wire rope safety climbs is imperative. There are certain qualities that products from top-tier manufacturer possess that the End User should consider when selecting a new mount. Factors that should be considered include:

  • Considerations to make when selecting a new mount
    • Constructability
    • Structural Sufficiency
    • Serviceability
  • Ensuring that the selected mount manufacturer designs mounts that are code-compliant
    • ANSI/TIA 222
    • ANSI/TIA 322
    • TIA 5053
    • ASTM
    • AISC

Consideration for Remediating an Overstressed Mount
As increased equipment loads are applied to existing mounts throughout the telecommunications industry, engineers are left with the decision to modify or replace the mounts to increase capacity.

Engineers must also ensure that the modification or replacement is compliant with applicable standards. The following factors should be considered when determining the most feasible option for the End User:

  • Construction Considerations
    • Equipment reinstallation and temporary network outages
    • Adjacent equipment
    • Previous modifications and inspections
  • Site Acquisition
    • Leased area and site aesthetics
    • Structural capacity of supporting structure
    • Site geographic location
  • Site Design
    • Mount and RF design optimization
    • Future site growth and maintenance requirements
  • Necessary involvement amongst various stakeholders


White Paper: Mount Analysis Recommended Best Practices


Rigging & Rope

Rigging & Rope

Rigging 101
Reviews the basic categories associated with safe rigging practices, including the calculations required before determining the size of the equipment to be utilized (i.e., ropes, slings, shackles, blocks, etc.).

These calculations are essential to the development of proper rigging techniques to be implemented prior to climbing an antenna supporting structure.

  • Determining the Working Load Limit (“WLL”)
    • Wire rope capacity: size, nominal strength, and weight per foot
  • Calculate D/d ratios
    • ANSI B30.16 D/d ratio allowances
    • Blocks, sheaves, shackle sizes, and wire rope slings
    • De-rate WLL

Rigging Hardware 101
There are a series of rigging fundamental questions to be answered prior to beginning any load lifting activities.

Individuals assigned to various load lifting tasks should, at a minimum, understand basic rigging fundamentals before utilizing hardware such as shackles, hooks, links, rings, wire rope, blocks, and slings. Knowledge of these fundamentals is critical to ensuring that safe lifting practices are implemented.

  • Fundamentals; Key Questions for Hardware and Slings
    • Has a rigging plan been developed?
    • What is the rigging classification (I -IV)?
    • Equipment, inspection, and utilization
  • Responsibility Matrix; Who is responsible for rigging and lifting activities?
  • Has a communication plan been established (Hand signal basics)?
  • Knowledge of the proper use and inspection of lifting equipment
  • Unusual environment and special concerns

Rigging Loads and Forces
A fundamental component of developing a telecommunications structure rigging plan is to ensure that proper planning is conducted in accordance with ANSI/ASSP 10.48.

Therefore, the focal point of this PAN will be the planning and execution involved in determining the Gross Load and Forces that may be generated throughout the rigging system on both the rigging components and the structure.

  • Determining Gross Load
  • How does Gross Loads turn into Forces?
  • Scope analysis and how it relates to rigging systems and Gross Load considerations
  • How Gross Load and Forces influence the rigging plan
  • Standard charts and tag line multipliers
    • ANSI/ASSP A10.48, Appendix A-13(f)
  • How might field conditions effect on the plan?
    • SAUCE – Stop, Assess, Understand, Communicate, Execute

Rope and Rigging Compatibility
Overview of regulations, standards, and best practices for rigging with synthetic ropes.

The PAN will cover the basics of rope selection, characteristics, and usage, which is a good starting point for training, sound operational procedures, and equipment selection. The ANSI/ASSP 10.48 standard and or others listed should be consulted as applicable to the specific work environment.

  • Applicable Standards:
    • ANSI 10.48;
    • ASME B30.26 & B30.30;
    • Cordage Institute CI 1401;
    • ASTM F1740; &
    • ISO 16625
  • Synthetic Ropes and Slings
  • Shackles and Blocks
  • D/d Ratio
  • Sheaves for Synthetic Rope vs Wire Rope
  • Industry best practice

Rope Basics
Synthetic ropes are one of the industry’s most widely utilized and versatile products.

This PAN reviews the individual characteristics associated with the different types of synthetic rope. Additionally, guidance on best practice information is provided, regardless of rope function.

  • Definitions:
    • Minimum Breaking Strength (“MBS”)
    • Average Breaking Strength (“ABS”)
    • Breaking Strength (“BS”)
    • Factory Termination
    • Safety Factor
    • Splice
    • Working Load Limit (“WLL”)
  • Rope Types, Benefits, and Detractors
    • Double Braid
    • Three-strand Twisted Braid
    • Static Kernmantle
  • Terminations
  • Effect of Knots on the Rope
  • Storage, Cleaning, and Inspection

Rope Inspection and Retirement
Review of best practices and safe operations associated with the selection, care and maintenance, inspection, repair, and retirement of synthetic rope.

Review of the fundamental principal that, as with all PPE, there must be a documented plan and or policy for the proper management of ropes to ensure safe operating practices are followed. 

  • Reference Standards:
  • Cordage Institute CI 2001-04;
    • ANSI/ASSP 10.48;
    • NFPA 1983-17; &
    • ASTM 1740 (rev 2018)
  • Best Practices For
    • Assignment of supervisory responsibility
    • Documented processes and procedures
    • Training for staff
    • Record keeping
    • Establishment of retirement criteria;
    • Schedule of inspection
  • Inspection Types
    • Tactile, Visual
  • Inspection Results
    • Excessive tension/shock, cutting, hockles, twists, kinks, etc
  • Rope Retirement and Record Keeping

Safety

Safety

Climber Rescue
RF Safety
Radiofrequency Energy (“RF”) emitted by telecommunications antennas allows for efficient transmission of data; however, prolonged close proximity to RF sources can result in dangerously high exposure to radiation.

  • Potential Effects of RF Exposure
    • Quasi-Optical Resonance
    • Human Resonance
    • Sub-Resonance
  • How to assess site hazards
    • Antenna types and RF direction
    • Supporting structures and safe access routes
  • RF Plan to avoid overexposure
    • Interpreting RF meter readings
    • RF PPE
    • Over-exposure symptoms and mitigation

PPE Hierarchy
A Safe Job Site is No Accident
Safety Climb Systems
When safety climb wire ropes are routed outside the intended path, stretched, pinched, or otherwise obstructed, they are rendered ineffective at providing fall protection for climbers.

Assessing the integrity of existing safety climb systems and understanding what to do when conflicts between the existing system and proposed equipment arise is essential to safely using safety climb systems. Additionally, when issues are observed with existing systems, proper steps should be taken to ensure that no one climbs without a fall protection plan. The following concepts are reviewed in this PAN:

  • Installing New Equipment on The Tower
    • Avoid damaging the safety climb system during installation
    • What to do if proposed equipment will interfere with the safety climb system
  • Safety Climb System Inspections
    • Visual Inspection
    • Load Test
    • How to proceed if issues arise during inspection
  • Safety Climb System Requirements
    • TIA-222-G Section 12
    • ANSI A14.3-1992 Section 7.0
    • OSHA

Wire Rope Safety Climb
Step Bolts
To further clarify the performance and intent of step bolts as part of a climbing facility, testing was conducted to verify current engineering design methodology.

Additionally, the testing served to support enhancements to the ANSI/TIA-222 Standard by clarifying step bolt geometry, strength, and installation requirements. Testing is a useful tool that serves to validate design intent and drive innovation and safety. With respect to step bolts, testing resulted in the following findings and updates to standards:

  • NATE Testing (Communications Infrastructure Contractors Association)
    • Step bolts are intended for access and egress purposes only
    • Step bolts should never be used as fall protection anchorage
    • Step bolt clips should be properly inspected
  • TIA TR14 Committee updates to ANSI/TIA-222 Standards
    • Section 12.5.1 – Step Bolt Design Requirements
    • Section 12.6 – Step Bolt Installation Requirements

Horizontal Lifelines
While vertical safety climb systems are widely used on antenna supporting structures, there is an increasing use of horizontal lifelines.

This PAN provides insight on the standards and processes in which horizontal lifelines are to be designed, installed, and maintained to ensure proper fall protection for trained workers. When incorporating horizontal lifelines, it is important to understand these standards and when horizontal lifelines must be part of an overall fall protection plan. The following topics are explored: 

  • Incorporating Horizontal Lifelines into Overall Fall Protection Plan
  • Temporary vs. Permanent Lifelines
  • Horizontal Lifelines and their Supporting Structures
    • ANSI/ASSP A10.48
    • ANSI/TIA 222
    • ANSI/TIA 322
  • Rooftop Applications
    • ANSI Z359.18

White Paper: Climbing Facilities
Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWP), Part I
A review of best practices for the use of Mobile Equipment Work Platforms (“MEWP”) within the telecommunications industry.

MEWP’S are an incredible tool that can be applied in the telecommunications industry when used properly for a scope of work by a competent person(s) who understand their effective uses, training requirements, and proper inspection and maintenance for the site-specific conditions. There are several considerations an employer should evaluate when renting a MEWP. Further discussion include:

  • A review of considerations that are often overlooked when utilizing a MEWP which cause significant stress in the field
  • Standards that apply to the use of MEWP’S
  • Training required to operate a MEWP
  • Performance and maintenance considerations. 

Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWP), Part II
There are different classifications of Mobile Elevated Work Platforms or MEWPs.

Although sometimes mischaracterized as bucket trucks there are many qualities that differentiate a MEWP from a bucket truck. Discussion topics include:

  • Definition of a MEWP
  • Definition of a Bucket Truck
  • How to differentiate between a MEWP and a Bucket Truck
    • Rotating and articulating booms vs rotating and extensible booms
  • Types of Bucket Trucks
    • Insulated Booms; description and testing requirements
    • Non-Insulated Booms; description and testing requirements
  • Inspecting Bucket Trucks
  • Operator qualifications and training
  • PPE for operating MEWPs and Bucket Trucks

Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWP), Part III
Part three of the Mobile Elevated Work Platform (“MEWP”) series focuses on the use of MEWP’s as it pertains to small cell installations.

Working on small cell installations presents unique challenges to the telecommunications technicians that do not exist on traditional sites. One of the challenges that technicians face is pedestrian and motor vehicle traffic. On small cell sites, technicians must understand how to safely wok around overhead and underground infrastructure and public right of ways. The following topics are covered:

  • What is a small cell installation?
  • Establishing a Job Hazard Assessment (“JHA”)
    • Proper PPE
    • Utilizing a MEWP in and around public access / right of ways
  • Minimum Approach Distances, or “MAD”
  • Pole climbing access
  • Motor vehicle traffic control and developing a proper traffic control plan
  • Pedestrian control and public safety

S.A.U.C.E. – Stop, Assess, Understand, Communicate, and Engage
The telecommunications industry is a rapidly evolving sector which places a high degree of pressure on all Stakeholders to maintain deployment schedules and maintain telecommunications infrastructure.

SAUCE, or Stop-Assess-Understand-Communicate-Engage, is an important procedure for Stakeholders (particularly Contractors) to ensure that high-quality work is performed. Following the SAUCE procedure may lower the risk of injury to site personnel, prevent incorrect or subpar installations, and increased accountability for all Stakeholders. Additional discussion topics include:

  • Escalation hierarchy is subdivided into two parts, internal escalation procedures and amongst Stakeholders
  • When a hazard is observed, or work would create a future hazard Contractors should utilize SAUCE
  • Multiple real-world examples are discussed
    • Discussion of hazards that were present, or created, and an explanation of how SAUCE could have mitigated these issues

Telecommunications Infrastructure Quality
Quality, safety, and productivity are not isolated concepts, they have a symbiotic relationship that can greatly impact telecommunications infrastructure.

Poor quality and safety can lead to less productivity which all create additional burdens for Stakeholders such as multiple mobilizations to site and additional rework. Conversely, working safely and performing high-quality work leads to increased productivity and many benefits to all Stakeholders. Some of the factors affecting quality, safety, and productivity are communication deficiencies, inadequate education and training, and workplace dissatisfaction. Important discussion topics include:

  • How quality, safety, and productivity impact one another and the quality of telecommunications infrastructure
  • Observed poor-quality work is not only a Contractor issue; many times, communication deficiencies amongst various Stakeholders is the culprit
  • Stakeholders should ensure a complete scope of work (“SOW”), including applicable drawings, are communicated and understood by Contractor
    • Making assumptions may lead to poor-quality work
  • Training and education play an important role in employee commitment, work quality, and workplace safety
    • Successful training programs include (i) providing employees with accurate information; (ii) clearly communicated training; and (iii) training that is relevant to an employee’s job function.
  • How to create a working environment that is supportive of communication

Welding

Welding

Welding Basics
The American Welding Society (“AWS”) is tasked with developing standards for welders in the United States.

It is critical to understand that failure to adhere to the standards established by AWS may lead to weld and structure integrity issues and/or potentially unsafe practices affecting personnel.

  • Standards, Codes, & Procedures
  • Fabrication Requirements
  • Roles and Responsibilities
    • Engineer Responsibilities
    • Certified Weld Inspector (“CWI”)
    • Contractors / Fabricators
    • Weld Procedure Qualification Specification Process (“WPS”)
  • Single-V- Groove Butt Joint
  • Material Control
  • Summary and Conclusion

Welding Discontinuities and Defects
Overview of welding codes, standards, and specifications as they apply to proper welding design, performance, and inspection.

Additional emphasis is placed on understanding the basics of welding discontinuities and defects to assist in the interpretation and better understanding of a Certified Weld Inspection (“CWI”) report.

  • List of and Photographic Examples of Typical Weld Discontinuities
  • Summary and Conclusion

Weld Inspection Tasks
An explanation of the role of a Certified Weld Inspector (“CWI”) and the inspection activities required to ensure a successful project and a passing CWI Report.

  • References
    • AWS D1.1
    • The American Institute of Steel Construction (“AISC”)
      • Specification for Structural Steel Buildings
    • ANSI/AISC 360-10
      • C-N5.4-1 Inspection Tasks
  • Qualifications of Procedures and Welder Steps
  • Inspection Tasks During Welding C-5.4-2
  • Welding Consumables; Control and Handline
  • Proper Welding Technics
  • Inspection Tasks After Welding C-N5.4-3
  • Summary and Conclusion

Maintenance & Inspection

Maintenance & Inspection

Tower Maintenance and Corrosion Prevention
Corrosion creates a safety hazard and possibly an unaesthetic appearance of the structure.

This PAN will analyze effective methods for combating corrosion including field treatment, proper preparation of the structure, and cost-effective user-friendly cathodic protection process.

  • Why and how Corrosion occurs
  • Corrosion photographic examples
  • Application of Film Galvanizing Product
    • ASTM A780 standard requirement

Twist, Plumb and Tension for Guyed Towers
Understanding the twist, plumb, and tension (“TPT”) of a guyed tower is critical to ensure a safe working environment when tower maintenance takes place.

The ANSI/TIA-222-Rev. H Standard recognizes several methods for determining guy wire tensions in the field and ensuring that they do not deviate outside prescribed design tolerances. When designing, erecting, or maintaining guyed towers it is important to understand the following:

  • What is TPT?
  • Determining Guy Initial Tensions in the Field
    • Direct Method
    • Indirect Method
      • Pulse Method
      • Tangent Intercept Method
      • Shunt Dynamometer Method
  • Standard Compliance:
    • ANSI/TIA 222
    • ANSI/TIA 322
    • ANSI/ASSP A10.48

Sunflower Effect on Monopoles
When apparent leaning (or visible camber) is present in a monopole tower, there is a high likelihood that it is caused by the “Sunflower Effect” due to thermal expansion of the steel.

This PAN explains how the sun’s position, cloud cover, and ambient temperatures can all influence a monopole’s camber throughout the day, along with affecting other tower components such as safety climb systems and coax. Other topics discussed:

  • Thermal expansion in monopoles vs. other supporting structures
  • Effects on safety climb wire tension
  • Risk mitigation solutions caused by the “Sunflower Effect”
  • Antenna tilt effects on performance
  • Safety Equipment Manufacturers Consensus (SEMC) Document
  • Determining if a ‘leaning’ monopole is due to the “sunflower effect”

Welding Inspection
An explanation of the role of a Certified Weld Inspector (“CWI”) and the inspection activities required to ensure a successful project and a passing CWI Report.

  • References
    • AWS D1.1
    • The American Institute of Steel Construction (“ASIC”)
      • Specification for Structural Steel Buildings
    • ANSI/ASIC 360-10
      • C-N5.4-1 Inspection Tasks
  • Qualifications of Procedures and Welder Steps
  • Inspection Tasks During Welding C-5.4-2
  • Welding Consumables; Control and Handline
  • Proper Welding Technics
  • Inspection Tasks After Welding C-N5.4-3
  • Summary and Conclusion

Engineering

Engineering

Anchor Bolts: Height Matters
If  anchor bolts are observed at heights that exceed limits set by the ANSI/TIA-222 Standard, they must be restored to compliance. Oftentimes, non-compliant anchor bolts are identified during routine inspections.

When non-compliance is observed, there are several potential solutions to restore code-compliance. To ensure anchor bold compliance, it is important to understand the following:

  • TIA Design Standard Limits for Anchor Bolts
  • Potential Solutions when Non-Compliant Anchor Bolts are Observed
    • Lowering the Tower
    • High Strength Non-Shrink Grout
    • Steel Shims
  • Considerations and  Risks Associated with each Solution

Risk Categorization
Risk Categorization in Accordance with ANSI/TIA-222-H
White Paper: Changed Conditions; as defined by ANSI/TIA-222-H
White Paper: Reliability of Telecommunications Structures
Slip Splice Monopoles
Slip-splicing several monopole segments together is a common practice used to achieve required tower heights.

Prior to assembling slip joints, it is important to perform a proper inspection of critical components.  This PAN provides procedural material on assembling joints while maintaining ANSI/ASSP A10.48 & ANSI/TIA-322 compliance. Specifically, this PAN explores the following topics:

  • What is a slip splice?
  • Proper sequencing when slip splicing monopole segments
  • Assembly of slip joints
  • What is jacking and why is it necessary?

Telecommunications Infrastructure Quality
Quality, safety, and productivity are not isolated concepts, they have a symbiotic relationship that can greatly impact telecommunications infrastructure.

Poor quality and safety can lead to less productivity which all create additional burdens for Stakeholders such as multiple mobilizations to site and additional rework. Conversely, working safely and performing high-quality work leads to increased productivity and many benefits to all Stakeholders. Some of the factors affecting quality, safety, and productivity are communication deficiencies, inadequate education and training, and workplace dissatisfaction. Important discussion topics include:

  • How quality, safety, and productivity impact one another and the quality of telecommunications infrastructure
  • Observed poor-quality work is not only a Contractor issue; many times, communication deficiencies amongst various Stakeholders is the culprit
  • Stakeholders should ensure a complete scope of work (“SOW”), including applicable drawings, are communicated and understood by Contractor
    • Making assumptions may lead to poor-quality work
  • Training and education play an important role in employee commitment, work quality, and workplace safety
    • Successful training programs include (i) providing employees with accurate information; (ii) clearly communicated training; and (iii) training that is relevant to an employee’s job function.
  • How to create a working environment that is supportive of communication

Topography
Site specific factors such as geographic location, elevation, and surrounding terrain can greatly impact the wind force applied to a structure.

Various methods may be used to determine the topographic factor caused by the wind speed-up effect. Understanding when topographic features are present and which methodologies to follow will ensure the most accurate results when calculating the wind force for a specific site. See additional topics:

  • Topographic Features
  • Method 1 – Simplified Topographic Factor Procedure
    • ANSI/TIA-222-H Section 2.6.6.2.1
  • Method 2 – Rigorous Topographic Factor Procedure
    • ANSI/TIA-222-H Section 2.6.6.2.2
  • Method 3 – Site Specific Topographic Procedure
    • ANSI/TIA-222-H Section 2.6.6.2.3
  • Reduction Factors
  • Accuracy as it relates to cost

General Construction

General Construction

Capstan Hoists
Capstan hoists, or a “Cathead”, is utilized to make the lifting of loads easier and more productive.

There are many applications and multiple industries that use the Capstan Hoists; however, this PAN will focus on the increased use by the telecommunications industry and the different applications and its mounting devices. Note: OSHA Compliance directive CPL 02-01-056 Capstan hoists are not designed to lift personnel.

  • Proper mounting and Rigging
  • Mechanical Advantage (rope turns on drum)
  • Proper operations
    • Capstan mounting options
      • Trailer hitch
      • Pole
    • Foot operated control
  • Training

Equipment Environmental Exposure
The use of equipment such as slings, ropes, harnesses, and hard hats is critical to maintaining a safe working environment.

Maintaining the integrity and strength of equipment is the first step to ensuring safety. This PAN discusses how equipment can be affected by environmental exposure and ways to mitigate degradation of the equipment. Topics include:

  • Environmental Factors
    • Wind
    • Temperature
    • Precipitation
    • UV Radiation
  • Safety practices for slings, ropes, harnesses, and hard hats
    • Equipment Use
    • Proper Storage
    • Condition Assessment and Maintenance
  • Standards
    • OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.132(a)
    • OSHA Z89.1

Roles & Responsibilities Part I
Roles & Responsibilities Part II
Slip Splice Monopoles
Slip-splicing several monopole segments together is a common practice used to achieve required tower heights.

Prior to assembling slip joints, it is important to perform a proper inspection of critical components.  This PAN provides procedural material on assembling joints while maintaining ANSI/ASSP A10.48 & ANSI/TIA-322 compliance. Specifically, this PAN explores the following topics:

  • What is a slip splice?
  • Proper sequencing when slip splicing monopole segments
  • Assembly of slip joints
  • What is jacking and why is it necessary?

Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWP), Part I
A review of best practices for the use of Mobile Equipment Work Platforms (“MEWP”) within the telecommunications industry.

MEWP’S are an incredible tool that can be applied in the telecommunications industry when used properly for a scope of work by a competent person(s) who understand their effective uses, training requirements, and proper inspection and maintenance for the site-specific conditions. There are several considerations an employer should evaluate when renting a MEWP. Further discussion include:

  • A review of considerations that are often overlooked when utilizing a MEWP which cause significant stress in the field
  • Standards that apply to the use of MEWP’S
  • Training required to operate a MEWP
  • Performance and maintenance considerations. 

Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWP), Part II
There are different classifications of Mobile Elevated Work Platforms or MEWPs.

Although sometimes mischaracterized as bucket trucks there are many qualities that differentiate a MEWP from a bucket truck. Discussion topics include:

  • Definition of a MEWP
  • Definition of a Bucket Truck
  • How to differentiate between a MEWP and a Bucket Truck
    • Rotating and articulating booms vs rotating and extensible booms
  • Types of Bucket Trucks
    • Insulated Booms; description and testing requirements
    • Non-Insulated Booms; description and testing requirements
  • Inspecting Bucket Trucks
  • Operator qualifications and training
  • PPE for operating MEWPs and Bucket Trucks

Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWP), Part III
Part three of the Mobile Elevated Work Platform (“MEWP”) series focuses on the use of MEWP’s as it pertains to small cell installations.

Working on small cell installations presents unique challenges to the telecommunications technicians that do not exist on traditional sites. One of the challenges that technicians face is pedestrian and motor vehicle traffic. On small cell sites, technicians must understand how to safely wok around overhead and underground infrastructure and public right of ways. The following topics are covered:

  • What is a small cell installation?
  • Establishing a Job Hazard Assessment (“JHA”)
    • Proper PPE
    • Utilizing a MEWP in and around public access / right of ways
  • Minimum Approach Distances, or “MAD”
  • Pole climbing access
  • Motor vehicle traffic control and developing a proper traffic control plan
  • Pedestrian control and public safety

Reviewing OSHA’s Updated 2010 Crane Standard
An introduction to OSHA’s educational initiatives and compliance programs.

Focus and attention are given to OSHA’s FAQ pages which contain valuable information on OSHA regulations and specific industry requirements. Important updates to the crane standard were made in 2010; a list of important revisions and additions are listed. Discussion of the 2010 crane standard emphasizes three (3) prevailing issues in the industry:

  • Awareness and proper procedures when powerline hazards are present
  • Developing a proper lift plan
  • Review of the term “controlling entity” and examples of when a contractor will be considered a controlling entity on site.

Workforce Development

Workforce Development

Insurance
Employee Misclassification


Archived

ANSI-TIA 1019-A-2012

ANSI-TIA-1019 A Standard: Roles in the Construction Process

Cant Rush Building A Telecom Site

Classification of Tower Structures

FAA Aviation Obstruction Lighting ‘Tower Lighting’

Protecting Guyed Tower Anchors Against Corrosion

Who Is The TIA?


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